Germany Travel > Country > German Cities > Hanover > Hanover History

Hanover Germany And Its Expo, CeBIT, Churches, etc...

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Hanover Germany was a small village of ferrymen and fishermen, which became a comparatively large town in the 13th century.

In the 14th century, the main churches were built, as well as a city wall with three town gates that should secure the city.

In 1636, Duke of Calenberg decided to move his residence to the town. His duchy was afterwards known as the Duchy of Hanover. His descendants would later become kings of Great Britain; the first of them was George I, who ascended to the British throne in 1714.

Three kings of Great Britain were at the same time Electoral Princes of Hanover.

During the Seven Years' War on July 26, 1757, the Battle of Hastenbeck took place. The French army defeated the Hanoverian Army of Observation, leading to the occupation of Hanover Germany.

Hanover Germany Skyline [Photo: Pschemp]
Skyline of Hanover

After Napoleon imposed the Convention of Artlenburg (Convention of the Elbe) on July 5, 1803 about 30,000 French soldiers occupied here. The convention also meant the disbanding of the army of the city.

George III did not recognize the Convention of the Elbe and made an effort to recruit foreign troops. As a result, a great number of soldiers eventually emigrated to England leading to the King's German Legion which later played an important role in the Battle of Waterloo. At the Congress of Vienna in 1814, George III elevated the electorate to the Kingdom of this city. The capital town expanded to the opposite bank of the Leine river and grew considerably.

In 1837, the personal union of the United Kingdom and Hanover ended as William IV heir in the United Kingdom was female, and Hanover could be inherited only by males. The city continued as a kingdom until 1866, when it was annexed by Prussia. After the annexation, its people opposed the Prussian regime.

Nevertheless, the growth of the city continued until Second World War. Two thirds of the town were bombed to ruins.

After the war, the city became famous for hosting commercial expositions such as the CeBIT, EXPO 2000, and the Fair. Also, many concerts took and take place in its Stadium called AWD-Arena.

Remember the Fifa Soccer World Cup 2006? It took place here in Germany — and Hanover was one of 12 venues!

One of Hanover's historical places is its Old City Hall. Let's go there now...


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Germany Travel > Country > German Cities > Hanover > Hanover History