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Nuremberg Germany History

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The Nuremberg Germany History already started in the 11th century.

From 1050 to 1571, Nuremberg Germany was a regular stop on the progression of the Holy Roman Emperor, particularly because Reichstage (Imperial Diets) and courts met at Nuremberg Castle.

The Diets of Nuremberg Germany were an important part of the administrative structure of the empire, so yet a "dot" in the Nuremberg Germany History.

In 1219, Nuremberg became an Imperial Free City under Emperor Frederick II. Soon after that it became, together with Augsburg, one of the two great trade centers on the route from Italy to Northern Europe.

The cultural flowering of Nuremberg in the 15th and 16th centuries made it the center of the German Renaissance. Nuremberg Germany accepted the Reformation in 1525 as well as the religious peace of Nuremberg in 1532, by which the Lutherans gained important concessions.

Because of its relevance to the Holy Roman Empire, in line with the connotations raised by the term Third Reich, the Nazis chose the city as the site of their large NSDAP party conventions. You can see many examples of Nazi architecture in the city, so it might become an interesting visit for you if you are interested in the History of Germany overall.

After Adolf Hitler came to power, Nuremberg Germany was the home of the Nazi leader Julius Streicher and became a center of anti-Semitic propaganda, including the famous Nuremburg rallies.

Until 1945, Nuremberg was the site of roughly half the total German production of airplane, submarine, and tank engines. As a consequence, the city was heavily bombed by the British and Americans during World War 2 so was largely destroyed.

Despite of this, the city was rebuilt after the war and was restored as closely to its pre-war appearance as possible, down to the replication of many of its medieval buildings.

After the end of World War 2, the city became famous for the trials of Nazi officials for war crimes, crimes against humanity and aggression - the Nuremberg Trials.

But there are more and some other interesting things about Nuremberg Germany.

The city contributed much to the science of astronomy. In 1471 Johannes Mueller of Königsberg (Bavaria), later called Regiomontanus, built an astronomical observatory in Nuremberg and published many important astronomical charts. In 1515, Albrecht Dürer, a native of Nuremberg, mapped the stars of the northern and southern hemispheres, producing the first printed star charts, which had been ordered by Johann Stabius. Around 1515 Dürer also published the "Stabiussche 'Weltkarte,' the first perspective reproduction of the terrestrial globe. Perhaps most famously, the main part of Nicolaus Copernicus' work was published in Nuremberg in 1543.

Today, Nuremberg Germany is famous for its traditional Lebkuchen (gingerbread) products, handmade toys, sausages as well as christmas market, which is even considered to be the most famous and most well loved Christmas market all over the world. Third of the German consumer research companies are located in Nuremberg. In addition, the Nuremberg Germany Toy Fair is the biggest world-wide.

Nuremberg Germany still consists of a city wall. You are going to find at least eight churches inside the city wall! Also, the church of the previous Katharienkloster is preserved as a ruin, the Cartause is integrated in the building of the Germanisches Nationalmuseum and the choir of the previous Franzikanerkirche is part of a modern building since quite some time. When you go up to the Nuremberg Castle, you are going to find the Walburga Chapel and the romanic "Doppelkapelle" (Chapel with two floors) as part of the castle.

Also worth a visit are places located near by old town: the "Johanniskirchhof" with many old graves (Albrecht Dürer, Willibald Pirckheimer, etc.), the "Rochuskirchhof", and the Wöhrder Kirchhof.


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Germany Travel > Country > German Cities > Nuremberg > Nuremberg History